A strong and healthy muscle is one that can both engage and release all the way. It's all about finding balance between ease and effort. The pelvic floor is no different. Also known as the pelvic diaphragm it is composed of muscles and connective tissues that attach directly to the bone of the pelvis (they are the only muscles in the human body that do). How do we know if we have a weak or tight pelvic floor? Take the Hyper vs Hypo breath test below.

Every woman at some point should visit a pelvic floor physiotherapist to find out for sure.

The Five Functions of the Pelvic Floor


The Five 'S's



*Sexual *Stability



The pelvic floor supports the abdominal organs in the lower belly. Our lower abdominal organs like the bladder, uterus, bowels and rectum are all held in the pelvic cavity by the pelvic floor muscles and connective tissues.


These are ring like muscles at junctions in the body. Their job is to act like a valve staying closed until there is a need to open the junction. Such as in the case of releasing urine through the urethra. The anus has two sphincters, one is internal (colon) and the another is external (rectum).


When the muscles in the pelvic floor are functioning properly, they spasm during intercourse which can increase pleasure. Intercourse should never be painful, this may be a sign of dysfunction in the pelvic floor.


The various pelvic floor muscles create two hammock like layers within the pelvic bowl. They insert and attach at various points. Side to side across the bottom of the pelvic bowl attaching roughly sit bone to sit bone (rounded bottoms of the pelvis - ischial tuberosity). Front to back attaching to the pubic bone at the front and the tail bone (coccyx) and base of spine (sacrum) at the back. Because of this attachment at the base of the spine and across the bottom of the pelvis these muscles and tissues support and stabilize the lower back during movements that require core strength.

Sump Pump

The pelvic floor also acts to pump blood and lymph through the pelvis in order to avoid pelvic congestion, whic